The study analyses various parameters such as city growth, land use, demographics and social & economic character, water policies and institutional setup at central, state and city level, water sources and its related infrastructure. These parameters are essential to find avenues for water sustainability, quantify anthropogenic and natural flows into and out of the town, and develop a metaphorical framework of water metabolism of the area to analyse flows of water within it and selection of dominant indicators that impact urban hydrology. The study of these parameters has led to the identification of potential risks associated with the urban hydrology and management of Gurugram city, especially focusing on the aspects related to the stakeholder engagement and flood risk. To overcome these threats, a list of recommendations has been made. The report also goes a step further to identify the reasons for weak implementation of the proposed recommendations and suggest measures for strengthening it.
During summers of 2019, Chennai’s multiple water reservoirs ran dry, resulting in rows of empty pots dotting the pavements and people lining up for supplies from water tankers. For a city that gets an average of 1,400 mm of rainfall a year and had suffered heavy floods back in 2015, this has been unprecedented. From extreme rainfall events to no rain, Chennai has often swung between floods and drought. This report tries to identify probable reasons for such extreme climatic events, risks associated with it for the region and provide strategies to mitigate the same.
Pune was hit twice by destructive flash floods in year 2019, first in early August and then in September, something which was not seen in years in the region. Also, over the past decade Pune’s water woes have multiplied with areas facing frequent water cuts during summers. The erratic weather patterns along with water management flaws have aggravated the situation. This report touches upon these growing risks and lays out recommendations to overcome the water challenges.
Glare is a phenomenon caused by extremely bright light sources or by strong brightness contrasts in the visual field. Its sources include windows, glossy magazine pages, computer screens, or incorrectly designed and installed artificial lighting. Glare comes in both direct and indirect forms, is a chief cause of visual discomfort – and even visual disability. This abridged version of the "Glare Management Guidelines for Artificial Lighting" have been developed through a consultative process involving academia, lighting experts and building professionals. These encompass definitions for various types of glare indices, including their impact on human health. The methodology for calculating the glare indices is also included as a part of the guidelines which will help design professionals to quantify glare in numeric terms, these guidelines will keep evolving in keeping with the advancements in technologies and practices in the urban built environment.